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Tested Positive for COVID-19 ? Homecare tips for mild cases

covid

Isolate. Rest. Restore Health.

Isolate, but stay connected

Maintain a daily routine, read books and take out time for self care.
Stay in touch with your loved ones through audio/video calls.

Take rest, but stay active

Walk in your room for at least 15-20 min a day.
Staying active will improve blood circulation and prevent clotting.

Eat well & take fluids

Eat easy-to-digest food.
Take plenty of fluids (3-4 L/day).
Remember, it’s just a phase, and will pass by super soon!
About 80% of patients have mild symptoms and recover without any specific treatment.

Watch Out For These Warning Signs

covid

Seek immediate medical attention if you notice:

Difficulty in Breathing/ Itching in the Throat
Tiredness/ Body Pain
Loss of Smell and Taste
Diarrhoea
Decrease in oxygen saturation (SpO2)<95% ; below 90% is alarming
Persistent high grade fever/ severe cough
Mental confusion
Note: A low threshold should be kept for those with any of the highrisk features such as age > 60 yrs, comorbidities like diabetes and other immunocompromised states.

COVID-19: How it spreads

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the recently discovered coronavirus. The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus enters the body via nose, mouth and eyes. Some recent studies suggest that virus may be airborne and can be spread through fine infected droplets that remain suspended in the air in closed air-conditioned environments of offices, AC cabs-buses, shopping malls and theatres due to absence of cross-ventilation, even when you are not in direct contact with an infected person.

COVID-19 transmission can be reduced by:
  • Staying at home if possible, especially if you are more than 60 years or less than 5 years of age, or have comorbidities like diabetes, hypertension or chronic ailments. Avoid meeting visitors at home.
  • Washing your hands and face at regular intervals with soap and water.
  • Wearing a mask at all times when out of the house.
  • Social distancing – keeping a distance of 6 feet from others when out of the house.
  • Cleaning the frequently touched surfaces with disinfectant regularly.
  • Avoiding closed spaces with central air-conditioning like offices, malls, etc. with inadequate fresh air
  • Ensuring proper nutrition through balanced diet, maintaining hydration with plenty of fluids, boosting immunity through fresh fruit juices, herbal drinks and turmeric in milk.
  • Daily exercise and meditation.
  • Taking your daily prescribed medicines regularly. Don’t self-medicate.
  • Avoid going near sick people.
  • Seek medical advice whenever needed.

  • Home treatment - Instructions for Caregivers

    Mask: The caregiver should wear a triple layer medical mask appropriately when in the same room with the ill person. Front portion of the mask should not be touched or handled during use. If the mask gets wet or dirty with secretions, it must be changed immediately. Discard the mask after use and perform hand hygiene after disposal of the mask.

    Hand hygiene must be ensured following contact with ill person or his immediate environment. Hand hygiene should also be practiced before and after preparing food, before eating, after using the toilet, and whenever hands look dirty. Use soap and water for hand washing at least for 40 seconds. Alcohol-based hand rub can be used, if hands are not visibly soiled. After using soap and water, use of disposable paper towels to dry hands is desirable. If not available, use dedicated clean cloth towels and replace them when they become wet.

    Exposure to patient: Avoid direct contact with body fluids of the patient, particularly oral or respiratory secretions. Use disposable gloves while handling the patient. Perform hand hygiene before and after removing gloves.

    Avoid exposure to potentially contaminated items in his immediate environment (e.g. avoid sharing cigarettes, eating utensils, dishes, drinks, used towels or bed linen).

    Food must be provided to the patient in his room.

    Utensils and dishes used by the patient should be cleaned with soap/detergent and water wearing gloves. The utensils and dishes may be re-used. Clean hands after taking off gloves or handling used items.

    Use triple layer medical mask and disposable gloves while cleaning or handling surfaces, clothing or linen used by the patient. Perform hand hygiene before and after removing gloves. The care giver will make sure that the patient follows the prescribed treatment.

    The care giver and all close contact should self-monitor their health with daily temperature monitoring and report promptly if they develop any symptom suggestive of COVID-19 (fever/cough/difficulty in breathing/ loss of smell and taste).

    If care giver suffers with any of these symptoms, he/ she should consult to physician immediately who will guide you for COVID testing and treatment if required.


    References:
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    Medanta